illegitimate children

Babies 4 Sale

barbara
10 Jun 2010 - 6:06pm

 A girl of 16, Sadie Engelmann, left her family to try her hand at fame and fortune on the stage.  In San Diego, her beauty, if not her craft, won her many admirers, among them a dashing stenographer with the US Navy by the name of John Harvey.

When Sadie found herself abandoned by John and in need of a midwife, she checked in to the Bellevue Avenue Lying-in Institute in Los Angeles, where she deposited a newborn boy, whom she left in the care of the proprietress, "Dr." Catherine Smith. At this point a disagreement ensued between Sadie and "Dr." Smith concerning the details of the babe's status.  Sadie claimed she left the child temporarily in "Dr." Smith's care, in order to earn enough money to pay the bill she incurred during her delivery. She testified that once she had settled her debt she would re-assume custody of the child.  "Dr." Smith alleged Sadie sold her the newborn outright to pay off her debts and to free herself from the undue burden of its care.  Whatever the exact nature of their understanding, "Dr." Smith appears to have taken possession of the child, and in turn sold the baby boy to a Mrs. W.W. Wilson, who had already acquired three other infants in a nefarious plot to appear as if she were the mother of quadruplets.

Stole baby quartet

The miraculously sudden appearance of the quartet of babies attracted the attention of the authorities, who promptly summoned Mrs. Wilson, "Dr." Smith, Sadie Engelmann, and other parents of the illegitimate infants in to court to sort out the affair.  During the course of the trial, Sadie Engelmann claimed to have been accosted and threatened by various burglars "of Mexican aspect," who, she alleged, were sent by "Dr." Smith to dissuade her from testifying.

According to court testimony, Mrs. Wilson grew despondent after many years of trying to bear her own children, and eventually conceived the plan to to fill her and her husband's home with a readymade brood of abandoned youngsters. She enacted this plan years before the quadruplets affair, procuring three children, whom she presented to her husband as his own, each time using an ingenious series of pads and pillows to trick him into believing she had indeed carried each child to term. The children were in the couple's possession at the time of Mrs. Wilson's attempted quadruplets heist. 

The trial ended with the conviction of "Dr." Smith on the charge of child stealing. Upon appeal, the court handed down a sentence of 5 years probation, during which Smith was to cease and desist the practice of midwifery. 

Eventually, Mrs. Wilson was permitted to adopt the three children in her care before the trial, and to become a foster-mother to the two girls among the quadruplets. The boys, including Sadie Engelmann's son, did not survive infancy. Mrs. Wilson went on to take on more foster-children, and to run a daycare facility in Hollywood. 

Date

January 28, 1910

List of locations from this post

  1. Place of quadruplets plot
    2019 Magnolia Avenue
  2. Birthplace of stolen baby
    436 South Main Street
  3. Maternity Hospital and Baby Mill
    727 Bellevue Avenue

X Marks the Spot

There's someting about Bellevue...

What a fascinating tale from the dark side of early L.A. family life!

I don't know what it is about this tiny part of Los Angeles, but kids often had problems along Bellevue Avenue.

In October 25, 1895, the Pasadena and Pacific company opened an electric train running from downtown towards Santa Monica, with one section along newly graded Bellevue.  By December 12, parents were bemoaning the "strange fascination" the railbed had for local children, and noting that they didn't want to play anywhere else. Two children had been hit by trains, and engineers frequently had to stop their cars and pull children off the tracks before they could continue west. Apparently some of the more daring children had taken to sitting under a small bridge and poking their heads up between the ties when they saw the train coming, (hopefully) pulling them down to avoid decapitation. Police Chief Glass announced that if the parents of Bellevue Ave. could not control their brats, he would be making arrests.

In January 1895, the body of a still warm, unwashed newborn girl was found abandoned beneath a bush on Bellevue near Edgeware by a passing sewer worker. It was suspected that the Lying In "Hospital" had something to do with the grim discovery, but that was never proven.

And of course it was inside the Bellevue Arms over Christmas 1927 that 12-year-old kidnap victim Marion Parker was slain by Edward Hickman (aka "Donald Evans" and "The Fox").

Nice view all right... of dead children!